UNITED NATIONS (AP) – The U.N. General Assembly passed a Chinese-sponsored resolution with U.S. backing urging wealthy developed nations to bridge the widening gap with developing countries and Ensure they have equal opportunities to use and benefit from artificial intelligence.

The resolution passed on Monday follows the one passed on March 21. The first resolution of the United Nations On Artificial intelligence Led by the United States and supported by 123 countries including China. It lent global support to international efforts to ensure that AI is “safe, secure and reliable” and that all nations can benefit from it.

The adoption of two non-binding resolutions shows that America and China, rivals in many fieldsboth are determined to be key players in shaping the future of powerful new technologies—and are collaborating on the first major international initiatives.

The unanimous approval of both resolutions by the 193-member General Assembly demonstrates broad global support for his leadership on the issue.

China’s ambassador to the United Nations, Fu Kang, told reporters on Monday that the two resolutions go hand in hand, with the US initiative being “more general” and the recently adopted one focusing on “capacity building”.

He called the Chinese resolution, which had more than 140 co-sponsors, “great and far-reaching” and said, “We are very appreciative of the positive role of the United States in this whole process.”

Nate Evans, a spokesman for the U.S. mission to the United Nations, said Tuesday that the China-sponsored resolution was “negotiated so it will advance that vision and approach the U.S. scheduled for March.”

“We worked diligently and in good faith with developing and developed countries to strengthen the text, ensuring that it affirms safe, secure and reliable AI that respects human rights, commits to digital inclusion, and promotes sustainable development.”

Fu said AI technology is developing very rapidly and the issue has been discussed at very high levels, including by US and Chinese leaders.

“We look forward to intensifying our cooperation with the United States, and for that matter with all countries in the world, which will have far-reaching effects in all dimensions,” he said.

However, the Chinese ambassador strongly criticized the US Treasury Department’s proposed rule, announced on June 21, that would limit and monitor US investment in China. Artificial intelligence, computer chips and quantum computing.

“We are strongly opposed to these restrictions,” Fu said. China does not believe the rule “will be helpful for the healthy development of AI technology, and by extension, divide the world in terms of standards, and laws governing AI.” He demanded America to lift sanctions.

The Chinese resolution called on the international community to “provide and promote a fair, open, inclusive and non-discriminatory business environment” from the design and development of AI to its use. Fu said that China does not believe that US actions promote an inclusive business environment.

Both the US and China focus on resolutions. Civilian Applications of AIbut Fu told reporters that the military dimension of AI is also very important.

“We believe it is important for the international community to take steps to mitigate the risks and dangers posed by the development of AI.”

China is actively participating in talks in Geneva on controlling deadly autonomous weapons, Fu said, with some countries considering a proposal for a UN General Assembly resolution this year on the military dimension of AI. There have been – and we are in broad support for this initiative.

Both the US and Chinese resolutions have warned of the dangers of AI while noting its potential benefits in boosting economic growth and improving the lives of people everywhere.

The American resolution recognizes that “The Governance of artificial intelligence systems “is an emerging area” that requires further discussion on possible governance approaches. It calls on countries to ensure that personal data is protected, human rights are protected, and potential risks are addressed. So AI should be monitored.

Fu, who headed the Chinese Foreign Ministry’s arms control department from 2018 to 2022, said Beijing proposed the resolution because of the wide gap in AI technology between the developed North and the developing South.

China also wants to highlight that the United Nations should play a central role in AI governance as the “most representative and most comprehensive international forum,” he said.

The Chinese resolution pledged to “bridge artificial intelligence and other digital divides between and among countries” and promote international cooperation, including knowledge sharing and technology transfer to developing countries.

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